In first grade, the students learn what it means to be in primary school. This, of course, includes some songs, games and coloring, but it also means how to behave like a “big kid”. Partner time with the higher grades is an important part of the year and helps the first graders observe older students while gaining knowledge and skills one on one. Though gradual, a greater emphasis is placed on writing and reading so that the students may see, write and understand on a higher level than in kindergarten. Students are encouraged to work in pairs or small groups more often to understand what it means to share work and resolve more complex situations. In mathematics, science and social studies, students learn more about the world around them and how this world relates to them as individuals, in their own families and communities.